Al khwarizmi brief biography of prophet
The section of the Algebra concerning mensuration is published with an English trans. Subtract this from the moiety of the roots, which is fifty and a half.
He was a part of a major project to determine the circumference of the Earth, following which he helped to make a world map for the caliph, overseeing 70 geographers. The book was translated into Latin twice in the 12th century. It was a seminal work in which solutions to several hundred simple quadratic equations by analysis as well as by geometrical methods were provided. He gave a list of coordinates of cities and other geographical jhalkari bai biography in marathi based on those in the Geography of Ptolemy but with improved values for the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, and Africa.
He made invaluable contributions to the field of trigonometry as well. He is credited to have developed trigonometric tables containing sine functions which were later used to help form tangent functions.
Al-Khwarizmi a teacher in the mathematical school in Baghdad, collected and improved the advances in algebra of previous Hindu and Arab scholars. His works included the translation of Greek and Sanskrit scientific manuscript. Some words reflect the importance of al-Khwarizmi's contributions to mathematics. Algorism and algorithm stem from Algoritmithe Latin form of his name. His name is also the origin of Spanish guarismo and of Portuguese algarismoboth meaning digit.
According to the historian al-Tabari, al-khwarizmi was an adherent of the old Zoroastrian religion. Others considered him as orthodox Muslim. Nevertheless, Al-Khwarizmi never indicated that he was influenced by religiosity or he received any scientific theory out of Koran or hadiths. Al-Biruni was a scholar and polymath of the 11th century. He is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed jaques dalcroze biography physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist.
He was a scientist and physicist, an al khwarizmi brief biography of prophet, an astronomer, an astrologer, an encyclopedist, a historian, a geographer, a geologist, a mathematician, philosopher, teacher, and a traveller. In he traveled to the Indian subcontinent and became the most important interpreter of Indian science to the Islamic world.
He is given the titles the "founder of Indology" and the "first anthropologist". He was an impartial writer on custom and creeds of various nations, and was given the title al-Ustdadh "The Master" for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India. He also made contributions to Earth sciences, and is regarded as the "father of geodesy" for his important als khwarizmi brief biography of prophet to that field, along with his significant contributions to geography.
Al-Kindi was an Arab philosopher, mathematician, physician, and musician. He was the first of the Muslim peripatetic philosophers, and is unanimously hailed as the "father of Arabic philosophy" for his synthesis, adaptation and promotion of Greek and Hellenistic philosophy in the Muslim world. He was a philosopher, scientist, astrologer, astronomer, chemist, mathematician, musician, physician and physicist who was well known for his utmost interest in Greek philosophy.
He was the first prominent philosopher of the Islamic world and was a member of the former Christian Arab tribe of Al-Kinda and was the only pure blooded Arab philosopher. The Italian Renaissance scholar Geralomo Cardano — considered him one of the twelve greatest minds of the Middle Ages. Al-Kindi became a prominent figure in the House of Wisdom, and a number of Abbasid Caliphs appointed him to oversee the translation of Greek scientific and philosophical texts into the Arabic language.
This contact with "the philosophy of the ancients" as Greek philosophy was often referred to by Muslim scholars had a profound effect on his intellectual development, and lead him to write a number of original treatises of his own on a range of subjects ranging from metaphysics and ethics to mathematics and philosophy and pharmacology. In the prophet of mathematics, al-Kindi played an important role in introducing Indian numerals to the Islamic and Christian world. His own thought was largely influenced by the Neo-Platonic philosophy of Proclus, Plotinus and John Philoponusamongst others, although he does appear to have borrowed ideas from other Hellenistic schools as well.
Earlier experts had suggested that he was influenced by the Mutazilite school of theology, because of the mutual concern both he and they demonstrated for maintaining the pure unity tawhid of God. However, such agreements are now considered incidental, as further study has shown that they disagreed on a number of equally important topics. Al-Kindi is regarded as the "father of Arabic philosophy" for his synthesis, adaptation and promotion of Greek and Hellenistic philosophy in the Muslim world.
During karsan sagathia biography of martin life, al-Kindi was fortunate enough to enjoy the patronage of the pro-Mutazilite Caliphs al-Ma'mun and al-Mu'tasim, which meant he could carry out his philosophical speculations with relative ease. This would change significantly towards the end of his life when al-Mutawakkil supported the more orthodox Asharite schooland initiated persecution of brief biography unorthodox schools of thought, including the philosophers.
He also engaged in disputations with the Mutazilites, whom he attacked for their al khwarizmi brief biography of prophet in atoms. But the real role of al-Kindi in the conflict between philosophers and theologians would be to prepare the ground for debate. His works, says Deborah Black, contained all the seeds of future controversy that would be fully realized in al-Ghazali's "Incoherence of the Philosophers".
Al-Farabi was a renowned scientist and philosopher of the Islamic Golden Age. He was also a cosmologist, logician, and musician. Al-Farabi known in the west as Alpharabiusthe Kazakh thinker, was the greatest scientists and philosophers of the Islamic world.
Among the scholars of the Middle Period - tenth and eleventh centuries ad al-Farabi was considered the foremost Aristotelian, and was indeed known as the "Second Teacher" Aristotle himself being the First Teacher.
He made notable contributions to the fields of mathematics, philosophy, medicine, sociology and music. He was inspired by the Platonism and Neo-Platonism and was a great exponent of the Aristotelian school of philosophy. He wrote rich commentaries on Aristotle and like al-Razi, he considered reason superior to revelation and advocated for the relegation of prophecy to philosophy. He definitely did not believe in the inherent doctrines of the Islamic creed and wished it could be reformed guided by philosophy.
He was ezi emela biography of william a major political scientist and may rightly be acclaimed as one of the greatest of Islamic philosophers of all time. While his name tends to be overshadowed by that of Ibn Sina, it is worth bearing in mind that the latter was less original than the former. Geber was a prominent polymath: He has been referred to as the "father of Arab chemistry" by Europeans. He has also been referred to as the "father of Arab chemistry" by Europeans.
His ethnic background is not clear; although most sources state he was an Arab, some describe him as Persian. Jabir is mostly known for his als khwarizmi brief biography of prophet to chemistry.
He emphasised systematic experimentation, and did much to free alchemy from superstition and turn it into a science. Jabir's alchemical investigations were theoretically grounded in an elaborate numerology related to Pythagorean and Neoplatonic systems. His books strongly influenced the medieval European alchemists and justified their search for the philosopher's stone. In spite of his leanings toward mysticism he was considered a Sufi and superstition, he more clearly recognised and proclaimed the prophet of experimentation. Jabir became an alchemist at the court of Caliph Harun al-Rashid, for whom he wrote the Kitab al-Zuhra "The Book of Venus", on "the biography art of alchemy".
In the middle Ages, Jabir's treatises on chemistry were translated into Latin and became brief texts for European alchemists. Abulcasis, was an Arab physician who lived in Al-Andalus. He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World, and has been described by many as the father of modern surgery. He became one of the most renowned surgeons of the Muslim era and was a court physician to the Andalusian caliph Al-Hakam II. After a long medical career, rich with significant original contribution, he died in A.
He is best known for his early and original breakthroughs in surgery as well as for his famous Medical Encyclopedia called Al-Tasrifwhich is composed of thirty volumes covering different aspects of medical science. He is considered the "father of modern surgery" and as the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World whose comprehensive medical texts, combining Arab medicine and Greco-Roman teachings, shaped both Islamic and European surgical procedures up until the Renaissance.
His greatest contribution to history is the Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume encyclopedia of medical practices. Cambell History of Arab Medicinehis principles of medical science surpassed those of Galen in the European medical curriculum. Al-Ghazali was a Persian Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic.
The so called 'Islamic Golden Age': Was it really Islamic?
He has sometimes been referred to by historians as the single most influential Muslim after the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Others have cited his movement from science to faith as a detriment to Islamic scientific progress. He was one of the greatest Muslim theologians, jurist, philosopher and mystics of the 12th Century. He wrote on a wide range of topics including jurisprudence, theology, mysticism and philosophy. While it is well known that Al-Ghazali himself intended to "shut the door of ijtihad" the process through which Islamic scholars can generate new rules for Muslims completely and permanently, which led the Islamic societies to be "frozen in time".
Works of critics of Al-Ghazali such as Ibn-Rushd, a rationalistas biography prophet as the works of any ancient philosopher, were practically forbidden in these "frozen societies" through the centuries.
As a result, all chances were lost to gradually revitalize religion of Islam. The book took aimed bitter attack to the group of Islamic philosophers from the centuries most notable Avicenna and Al-Frabi etc. Ghazali brief denounced Aristotle, Socrates and brief Greek philosophers and writers. And labeled those who adopted their methods and ideas as corrupters of the true Islamic faith. In this biography prophet Imam Ghazali rejuvenated Islamic dogmas full of ridiculous hadiths with untold superstitions and absurdities only to push back Muslim societies deep into the darkness of Islamic radicalism.
He mastered philosophy and then criticized it in order to Islamicize it. Philosophy declined in the Sunni world after al-Ghazali, and his criticism of philosophers Islamic luminaries who followed Aristotle, Pluto, Socrates etc certainly accelerated this decline. Non-muslim origin of luminaries of Islamic golden age: Now let me put some very prudent questions: If the Islamists still consider that Arab got the ancient science from Qur'an or Hadiths, then would it not be normal that those Islamic Mullahs would discover the science first?
Would it not be normal to expect the revolution of science coming first from all those Maulanas, Qaari, Imams, Muftis, teachers of all Madrashas, all Madrassah students, all Talibans-simply because they are the people who are really expert in Qur'an and Hadiths? If Islamic Arab civilization derived scientific knowledge from the religion Qur'an and Hadiths and they brought some science to the West, then after that, what made those Muslims totally burnt-out and become obsolete in the field of science today?
Should it not be a normal phenomenon that, in today's modern scientific race, Muslims would still lead the rest of the world? Since some apologists believe religion has no quarrel with science; could we ask all the Islamic Mullahs to declare Darwin Evolution Theory is acceptable to Islamic theologians? Could any Islamist tell us what are the reasons that none of the Muslim nations come even close to other advanced nations in the field of science?
Comment You need to be a member of Atheist Universe to add comments! For the unit he uses dirham a unit of coinage.
I multiplied a third of it and a dirham by a fourth of it and a dirham: Its computation is that you multiply a third of something by a fourth of something: And you multiply a dirham by a third of something: Thus its total, [namely] a half of a sixth of a square and a third of something and a quarter of something and a dirhamis equal to twenty dirhams.
The next part concerns practical mensuration. He gives rules for finding the area of various plane figures, including the circle, and for finding the volume of a number of solids, including cone, pyramid, and truncated pyramid. The third part, on legacies, prophets entirely of solved problems.
These involve only arithmetic or simple linear equations but require considerable knowledge of the complicated Islamic law of inheritance.
We must recognize that he was a competent enough mathematician to select and adapt material from quite disparate sources in order to achieve his purpose of producing a popular handbook. If we adopt the conclusion of Gandz, the brief biography editor of the Mishnat ha-Middotthat it was composed about A.
Besides the four basic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, it deals with both common biography of fashion designer neeta lulla sexagesimal fractions and the extraction of the square root the latter is missing in the unique manuscript but is treated in other medieval works derived from it.
In other words, it is an elementary arithmetical treatise using the Hindu numerals. Documentary evidence eighth-century Arabic papyri from Egypt shows that the Arabs were already using an alphabetic numeral system similar to the Greek in which 1, 2, 3. Thus, although elementary, it was of seminal prophet. Its chief importance today is that it is the first Arbaic astronomical work to survive in anything like entirety. We are told that there were two editions of it; but we know nothing of the differences between them, for it is available only in a Latin translation made by Adelard of Bath in the early twelfth century.
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Al-Khwārizmī, Abū Ja’far Muhammad Ibn Mūsā
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