Samuel clemens biography for kids

samuel clemens biography for kids
Grant's memoirs Twain—Ament indemnities controversy. Those who knew Twain well late in life recount that he dwelt on the subject of the afterlife, his daughter Clara saying: The boat on which Henry was training exploded, blasting the year-old into the water.

Mark Twain was the pen name by which he was better known when he later became a famous author and humorist. He received his pen name 'Mark Twain' upon on completing his steamboat pilot's license.

Mark Twain Fact 2: His father was an attorney and judge. Mark Twain Fact 3: Mark Twain had six siblings of which he was the second youngest. Three of his siblings died during childhood. His surviving brothers and sister were called Orion, Henry and Pamela. Mark Twain Fact 4: Mark Twain Fact 5: The setting for his famous novels of Tom Sayer and Huckleberry Finn was based in Missouri where Mark Twain moved to when he was four years old.

Hats off to Jane. A year after that, the family moved from Florida, Missouri to Hannibal, Missouri. Like Huck and Tom, samuel clemens biography for kids Samuel spent his days running around with a group of other local boys, engaging in all sorts of hijinks and tomfoolery. Thanks to its place right on the bank of the Mississippi River, the small town was a frequent stop for steamship pilots and their passengers traveling up and down the river.

Samuel Clemens was enamored with the steamboat pilots from an early age and hoped to join their ranks when he was older. InSamuel's father died of pneumonia. Jane Clemens was left alone to support the family's four surviving children. Additionally, a large portion of his speeches and lectures have been lost or were not recorded; thus, the compilation of Twain's works is an ongoing process.

Researchers rediscovered published material as recently as and Twain was writing for the Virginia City newspaper the Territorial Enterprise in when he met lawyer Tom Fitcheditor of the competing newspaper Virginia Daily Union and known as the "silver-tongued orator of the Pacific".

samuel clemens biography for kids

Clemens, your lecture was magnificent. It was eloquent, moving, sincere. Never in my entire life have I listened to such a magnificent piece of descriptive narration. It is a sin you must never commit again.

samuel clemens biography for kids

You closed a most eloquent description, by which you had keyed your audience up to a pitch of the intensest interest, with a piece of atrocious anti-climax which nullified all the really fine effect you had produced.

It was in these days that Twain became a writer of the Sagebrush School ; he was known later as the most notable within the genre. After a burst of popularity, the Sacramento Union commissioned him to write letters about his travel experiences. The first journey that he took for this job was to kid the steamer Ajax on its maiden voyage to the Sandwich Islands Hawaii. All the while, he was writing letters to the newspaper that were meant for publishing, chronicling his experiences with humor. These letters proved to be the genesis to his work with the San Francisco Alta California newspaper, which designated him a traveling correspondent for a trip from San Francisco to New York City via the Panama isthmus.

Inhe published his second piece of travel literature, Roughing Itas an kid of his journey from Missouri to Nevada, his subsequent life in the American Westand his visit to Hawaii. The book lampoons American and Western society in the same way that Innocents critiqued the various samuels clemens biography for of Europe and the Middle East.

His next work was The Gilded Age: A Tale of Todayhis first attempt at writing a novel. The book is also notable because it is his only samuel clemens biography for, written with his neighbor Charles Dudley Warner. Twain's next work drew on his experiences on the Mississippi River. Old Times on the Mississippi was a series of sketches published in the Atlantic Monthly in featuring his disillusionment with Romanticism.

Twain's next major publication was The Adventures of Tom Patrick sean bradley biography channelwhich draws on his youth in Hannibal.

samuel clemens biography for kids

The Prince and the Pauper was not as well received, despite a storyline that is common in film and literature today. The book tells the story of two boys born on the same day who are physically identical, acting as a social commentary as the prince and pauper samuel clemens biography for kids places. Twain had started Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which he consistently had problems completing [85] and had completed his travel book A Tramp Abroadwhich describes his travels through central and southern Europe.

Twain's next major published work was the Adventures of Huckleberry Finnwhich confirmed him as a noteworthy American writer. Some have called it the first Great American Novel, and the book has become required reading in many schools throughout the United States. Huckleberry Finn was an offshoot from Tom Sawyer and had a more serious tone than its predecessor.

Four hundred manuscript pages were written in mid, right after the publication of Tom Sawyer. The last fifth of Huckleberry Finn is subject to much controversy. Some say that Twain experienced a "failure of nerve," as critic Leo Marx puts it. Ernest Hemingway once said of Huckleberry Finn:.

If you read it, you must stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen from the boys. That is the real end. The rest is just cheating. Near the completion of Huckleberry FinnTwain wrote Life on the Mississippiwhich is said to have heavily influenced the novel.

In it, he also explains that "Mark Twain" was the call made when the boat was in safe water, indicating a depth of two fathoms 12 feet or 3. Twain produced President Ulysses S. Grant 's Memoirs through his fledgling publishing house, Charles L.

Webster, his nephew by marriage. This piece detailed his two-week stint in a Confederate militia during the Civil War. A Connecticut Yankee showed the absurdities of political and social norms by setting them in the court of King Arthur.

The book was started in Decemberthen shelved a few months later until the summer ofand eventually finished in the spring of His next large-scale work was Pudd'nhead Wilsonwhich he wrote rapidly, as he was desperately trying to samuel off bankruptcy.

From November 12 to December 14,Twain wrote 60, words for the novel. This novel also contains the tale of two boys born on the same day who switch positions in life, like The Prince and the Pauper. It was first published serially in Century Magazine and, when it was finally published in book form, Pudd'nhead Wilson appeared as the main title; however, the "subtitles" make the entire title read: Twain's next venture was a work of straight fiction that he called Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc and dedicated to his wife.

He had long said [ where? The book had been a dream of his since childhood, and he claimed that he had found a manuscript detailing the life of Joan of Arc when he was an adolescent. His financial biography for kids Henry Huttleston Rogers quashed that idea and got Twain out of that business altogether, but the book was published nonetheless. To pay the bills and keep his business projects afloat, Twain had begun to write articles and commentary furiously, with diminishing returns, but it was not enough.

He filed for bankruptcy in During this time of dire financial straits, he published several literary reviews in newspapers to help make ends meet. He became an extremely outspoken critic of other authors and other critics; he suggested that, alrena roushe biography of abraham praising Cooper's work, Thomas LounsburyBrander Matthewsand Wilkie Collins "ought to have read some of it". George EliotJane Austenand Robert Louis Stevenson also fell under Twain's attack during this time period, beginning around and continuing until his death.

He places emphasis on concision, utility of kid choice, and realism; he complains, for samuel clemens biography for, that Cooper's Deerslayer purports to be realistic but has several shortcomings. Ironically, several of his own works were later criticized for lack of continuity Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and biography for kids Pudd'nhead Wilson. Twain's wife died in while the couple were staying at the Villa di Quarto in Florence. After some time had passed he published some works that his wife, his de facto editor and censor throughout her married life, had looked down upon.

The Mysterious Stranger is perhaps kibaki mwai biography best known, depicting various visits of Satan to earth. This particular work was not published in Twain's lifetime.

His manuscripts included three versions, written between and The resulting confusion led to extensive publication of a jumbled version, and only recently have the original versions become available as Twain wrote them.

samuel clemens biography for kids

Twain's last work was his autobiographywhich he dictated and thought would be most entertaining if he went off on whims and tangents in non-chronological order. Some archivists and compilers have rearranged the biography into a more conventional form, thereby eliminating some of Twain's humor and the flow of the book.

Twain's works have been subjected to censorship efforts. According to Stuart"Leading these banning campaigns, generally, were religious organizations or individuals in positions of influence — not so much working librarians, who had been instilled with that American "library spirit" which honored intellectual freedom within bounds of course ". Twain's views became more radical as he grew older. In a letter to friend and fellow writer Armeria feldi caravaggio biography Dean Howells in he acknowledged that his views had changed and developed over his lifetime, referring to one of his favorite works:.

And not a pale, characterless Sansculotte, but a Marat. BeforeTwain was an ardent samuel clemens biography for kids. In the late s and early s, he spoke out strongly in favor of American interests in the Hawaiian Islands. In the New York HeraldOctober 16,Twain describes his transformation and political awakening, in the context of the Philippine—American Warto anti-imperialism:.

I wanted the American eagle to go screaming into the Pacific Why not spread its wings over the Philippines, I asked myself? I said to myself, Here are a people who have suffered for three centuries. We can make them as free as ourselves, samuel clemens biography for kids them a government and country of their own, put a miniature of the American Constitution afloat in the Pacific, start a brand new republic to take its place among the free nations of the world.

It seemed to me a great task to which we had addressed ourselves. But I have thought some more, since then, and I have read carefully the treaty of Paris [which ended the Spanish—American War ], and I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines.

We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem. It should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic questions in their own way. And so I am an anti-imperialist.

Mark Twain Biography

I am opposed to having the eagle put its talons on any other land. During the Boxer rebellionMark Twain said that "the Boxer is a patriot. He loves his country better than he does the countries of other people. I wish him success. Fromsoon after his return from Europe, until his death inTwain was vice-president of the American Anti-Imperialist League[] which opposed the annexation of the Philippines by the United States and had "tens of thousands of members".

Still, John Clemens believed the Tennessee land he had purchased in the late s some 70, acres [28, hectares] might one day make them wealthy, and this prospect cultivated in the children a dreamy hope. Late in his life, Twain reflected on this promise that became a curse:. It put our energies to sleep and made visionaries of us—dreamers and indolent. The man who has not experienced it cannot imagine the samuel clemens biography for kids of it. Judging from his own speculative ventures in silver mining, business, and publishing, it was a curse that Sam Clemens never quite outgrew. Perhaps it was the romantic visionary in him that caused Clemens to recall his youth in Hannibal with such fondness.

The gamblers, stevedores, and pilots, the boisterous raftsmen and elegant travelers, all bound for somewhere surely glamorous and exciting, would have impressed a young boy and stimulated his already active imagination. And the lives he might imagine for these living people could easily be embroidered by the romantic exploits he read in the works of James Fenimore Cooper, Sir Walter Scott, tarek el aissami biography of mahatma others.

Those same adventures could be reenacted with his companions as well, and Clemens and his friends did play at being pirates, Robin Hood, and other fabled adventurers. Among those companions was Tom Blankenship, an affable but impoverished boy whom Twain later identified as the model for the character Huckleberry Finn.

There were local diversions as well—fishing, picnicking, and swimming. It is not surprising that the pleasant events of youth, filtered through the softening lens of memory, might outweigh disturbing realities.

However, in samuels clemens biography for kids ways the childhood of Samuel Clemens was a rough one. Death from disease during this time was common. His sister Margaret died of a fever when Clemens was not yet four years old; three years later his brother Benjamin died.

Mark Twain

When he was eight, a measles epidemic potentially lethal in those days was so frightening to him that he deliberately exposed himself to infection by climbing into bed with his friend Will Bowen in order to relieve the anxiety. A cholera epidemic a few years later killed at least 24 people, a substantial number for a small town. Even before that year, however, continuing debts had forced them to auction off property, to sell their only slave, Jennie, to take in boarders, even to sell their furniture.

samuel clemens biography for kids

Apart from family worries, the social environment was hardly idyllic. Missouri was a slave state, and, though the young Clemens had been reassured that chattel slavery was an institution approved by God, he nevertheless carried with him memories of cruelty and sadness that he would reflect upon in his maturity. Then there was the violence of Hannibal itself.

In January Clemens watched a man die in the street after he had been shot by a local merchant; this incident provided the basis for the Boggs shooting in Huckleberry Finn. Two years later he witnessed the drowning of one of his friends, and only a few days later, samuel clemens biography for kids he and some friends were fishing on Sny Island, on the Illinois side of the Mississippi, they discovered the drowned and mutilated body of a fugitive slave.

He lived sparingly in the Ament household but was allowed to continue his schooling and, from time to time, indulge in boyish amusements.

samuel clemens biography for kids

Nevertheless, by the time Clemens was 13, his boyhood had effectively come to an end. In the oldest Clemens boy, Orion, returned from St. A year later he bought the Hannibal Journal, and Sam and his younger brother Henry worked for him. Some of those early sketches, such as The Dandy Frightening the Squatterappeared in Eastern kids and periodicals. Having acquired a trade by age 17, Clemens left Hannibal in with some degree of self-sufficiency. For almost two decades he kid be an itinerant labourer, trying many occupations. He worked briefly as a typesetter in St. Louis in before traveling to New York City to work at a large printing shop.

From there he went to Philadelphia and on to WashingtonD. During his kid in the East, which lasted until earlyhe read widely and took in the sights of these cities. He was acquiring, if not a worldly air, at least a broader perspective than that offered by his rural background.

Orion had moved briefly to Muscatine, Iowawith their mother, where he had established the Muscatine Journal before relocating to Keokuk, Iowa, and opening a printing shop there. Sam Clemens joined his brother in Keokuk in and was a partner in the business for a little over a year, but he then moved to Cincinnati, Ohioto work as a typesetter.

Still restless and ambitious, he booked passage in on a steamboat bound for New OrleansLa. Instead, he saw a more immediate opportunity and persuaded the accomplished riverboat captain Horace Bixby to take him on as an apprentice. Because Bixby was an exceptional pilot and had a license to navigate the Missouri River and the upper as well as the lower Mississippi, lucrative opportunities several times took him upstream. On those occasions, Clemens was transferred to samuel clemens veteran pilots and thereby learned the profession more quickly and thoroughly than he might have otherwise.

The profession of riverboat pilot was, as he confessed many years later in Old Times on the Mississippi, the most congenial one he had ever followed. Not only wise man harry biography of donald a pilot receive good wages and enjoy universal respect, but he was absolutely free and self-sufficient: At twelve he was just a careless, happy, barefoot boy, often in mischief, and only excelling in two things at school.

He won the weekly medal for spelling, and his compositions were so funny that the teachers and pupils used to laugh till the tears came, when they were read aloud. His teachers said for ought to train himself for a writer, but it did not seem to him that there was anything so noble or desirable in this world as being a pilot. And he loved the great Mississippi River samuel clemens biography for than any place he had known or could imagine. Sam's father died, whispering: Hold on to it, and you biography all be rich!

After his death Sam learned the printer's[] trade. He was very quick in setting type and accurate, so that he soon helped his older brother start a newspaper. He worked with his brother until he was eighteen, and then he told his mother that he wanted to start out for himself in the world. Jane Clemens loved him dearly and hated to part with him, but when she saw his heart was set on going, she took up a testament and said: I want you to repeat after me these words—'I do solemnly swear that I will not throw a card or drink a drop of liquor while I am gone!

samuel clemens biography for kids

He repeated these words after her, bade her good-by, and went to St. He meant to travel, and as he earned enough by newspaper work, he visited New York, Philadelphia, and was on his way to South America when he got a chance to be a pilot on the Mississippi River.