Titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample
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Titus proved his mettle as a military leader by quickly taking over Jerusalem. The war led to the death of more than 1, people while several others were captured and enslaved.

By the end of the siege, Jerusalem was captured but completely destroyed. Following his victory in Jerusalem, he returned to Rome amidst extravagant tituses flavius vespasianus biography sample. He was enthusiastically greeted by the populace that fervently enjoyed the lavish parade which displayed immensely valuable treasures taken from the war and the Temple of Jerusalem, which was followed by re-enactments of war and Jewish prisoners.

Upon his return, Titus and his younger brother received the title of Caesar. Furthermore, he was appointed commander of the Praetorian Guard.

As a commander, Titus reputation got somewhat stained as he ordered execution of traitors not merely by evidence but by suspicion as well. Following the death of his father on June 23, 79 AD, Titus succeeded as the rightful heir to the Roman throne. Though many feared him to follow the footsteps of former emperor Nero, Titus contrastingly proved to be an efficient Emperor. Following his accession to the throne, Titus first put an end to all the trials based on treason. As such, the custom of prosecuting people under slander and libel charges that started under Emperor Augustus was finally terminated.

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

He founded the Flavian dynasty of emperors. He had a successful military career, commanding the second legion in the invasion of Britain in 43 AD and conquering the south west of England. He later rose in the senate to become consul in 51 AD and governor of Africa a decade later.

By 68 AD, most of Judaea was recovered, although Jerusalem remained to be taken. During the rapid turnover of emperors following the death of Nero in 68 AD, Vespasian prepared his own bid for power. He was not the only military leader in Galilee.

Vespasian (9 AD - 79 AD)

A man named John of Gischala had organized a private militia of peasants. The two commanders lost more time quarreling with each other: As a result, they failed to seize the strategically important city of Sepphoriswhich was the first aim of the Roman offensive. In the spring of 67, Joseph's men were under siege in the town of Jotapata which controlled the road to Sepphoris and after some fighting, it became clear that they had to surrender to Vespasian's Fifteenth Legion.

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

The author of the Jewish War tells a strange story about the fate of the defenders. We are to believe that it was pure luck or divine interference that enabled Joseph to win this sinister lottery. Instead of committing suicide, he surrendered to the Romans.

Whatever the titus flavius vespasianus biography sample of this implausible story, Josephus was brought before Vespasian and his son Titus. To Vespasian, he explained about an ambiguous oracle that said that. Almost every Jew believed that this prophecy referred to the coming of the Messiah. A revolt in Gaul amounting to a nationalist secession from the empire showed the dangers inherent in the use of provincial soldiery. Vespasian therefore adopted a policy of not allowing auxiliaries noncitizen troops to serve in their native regions or be led by native commanders. He brought the citizen legions up to full strength and carefully cultivated their goodwill—Nero's fatal blunder had been to ignore the troops.

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

Until now, only a Julio-Claudian had been able to command the allegiance of armies other than the one under his direct control; one of Vespasian's accomplishments was to get all the armies to accept whoever was the reigning biography sample. The troops stayed out of emperor making for over a century.

Vespasian made no effort to blur the fact that he had won the empire through arms rather than having received it from the hands of the Senate. He treated the Senate titus flavius vespasianus respect but did not try to revive Augustus's old idea of a partnership of emperor and Senate with Vespasian's lack of background, any attempt at equality with the great nobles would ultimately point up his "inferiority". Vespasian repeatedly held the censorship, which not only allowed him to survey the empire's resources for financial purposes but also gave him control over the Senate's membership.

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

He kept a tight reign on appointments, even pushing his own men into provinces officially controlled by the Senate. Since his choices were usually good, the senators could hardly object openly, but it must be admitted that they respected rather than admired him.

Roman Emperor Vespasian

Indeed, he was a successful but never a truly popular emperor with any class. The state finances were in an appalling condition when Vespasian took over. He promptly instituted a nearly peasant-style economy in government he became the proverbial stingy emperorreimposed the taxes recent emperors had canceled, raised provincial tribute where his surveys showed it possible, and even invented wholly new taxes.

His tax on public urinals gave rise to his famous witticism; when his son Titus objected to money from such a source, he held a coin under Titus's nose, saying, "Money does not smell.

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

Meanwhile, momentous events were happening in Rome and the Western provinces. Revolts broke out against Nero, who committed suicide.

In 69, Galba, the governor of Spain, claimed the emperorship but was soon assassinated. The major struggle for succession developed between Vitellius, the commander of the German armies, and Otho, an old friend of Nero. Vitellius conquered, but developments in the East cut short his reign. When word of Galba's becoming emperor reached Vespasian and Titus in Jerusalem, Titus was dispatched to convey congratulations. He had reached Greece when he received the announcement of Galba's murder.

Titus hesitated and then turned back. On Cyprus, an oracle of Aphrodite predicted to him that one day he would be emperor.

Vespasian and his supporters meanwhile had decided that, in a period of soldier emperors, Vespasian with his experience and strong army had a good claim to be ruler.

They raised the challenge to Vitellius, and Vespasian's partisans won for him in Italy. Titus had traveled with his father to Alexandria, where they were consolidating their position in the Eastern empire.

titus flavius vespasianus biography sample

With the Flavian cause secure, Titus was sent back to Jerusalem to finish the conquest of the Jews.