Eleanor of castile biography books
A splendid funeral was performed at Westminster Abbey on December 17 and her body was buried in an elaborate tomb with a magnificent gilt bronze effigy near the sepulcher of King Edward the Confessor behind the high altar. He recounts how the Welsh kings strove to recover areas lost to the Normans and to assert dominion over one another, and how the kings of Scotland expanded their realm to create a united Scotland.
Cockerill allows Eleanor's faults to show in all their ugliness, but she suggests that, by the standards of her own generation, England's second Iberian queen consort had more on the credit than debit side by the time she passed away in Personally, I emerged from my book reading of "The Shadow Queen" still rather dubious about the Queen's personal plus-points, but that is a book to the wealth of detail that Cockerill relates to her readers.
While the author wears her views plainly, she is too good a writer to force them upon her audience. The Shadow Queen" is a compelling and exhaustive l italienne di picasso biography at one of England's most fascinating queens and a beautiful example of a medieval biography. Sep 23, Annette rated it it was amazing. Free copy from Amberley in exchange for a review. All reviews expressed are from my own opinion. On the 1st of Novembertwelve year old Eleanor of Castileand fifteen year old Edwardthe son of Henry III king of England were married.
Eleanor's brother Alfonso X was king of Castile and Leon. Their father had been King Ferdinand Edward and Eleanor's marriage was a political marriage; nonetheless, it would become a Source: Edward and Eleanor's marriage was a political marriage; nonetheless, it would become a successful marriage considering most royal arranged marriages. They were married thirty-six years. Eleanor had at least sixteen children, six survived. Eleanor was successful in fulfilling her duty as queen to have children; but, she was also a successful partner in a royal marriage taking part in Edward's cabinet of advisers, she was also an astute business woman.
The Shadow Queen, is a narrative biography non-fiction book. It stands alone both in its own distinct genre and its own weighty merit. Sara Cockerill worked on Eleanor of Castile for ten years. She read, studied, and researched, a queen which had been swept aside for other notable queens through the coarse of British history. One other complete non-fiction work has been written by J. Parsons, Eleanor of Castile. Cockerill will refer to his book in her book, it is one of the many sources she utilized. This is the first reason I have given Eleanor of Castile a 5 star review.
Ten years of research is a great achievement. The patience and careful study given over ten years has produced an excellent work. I read through Cockerill's list of first, second, and online books. Many of these sources found on Eleanor is included eleanor another person's historical account, chronicle, letter. Piecing and shaping the information into a readable biography that is informational and interesting is a careful balance.
I feel Cockerill has achieved all of this. To give the "basic template" of a life is bland. In order to breath life into a character one must see the person's essential qualities, decisions made, reactions to events, and most importantly the legacy. While reading Eleanor of Castile the book begins and continues with the actions of historical events surrounding Eleanor and family, her husbands reign, children that were born and including those who lived, a Crusade in which Eleanor accompanied Edward, eleanor purchases and business dealings, and then chapter castile biography books came.
In chapter eleven, Cockerill gave me a close-up perspective of Eleanor. I felt the book culminated in this chapter. The last chapter of the book is a study on the crosses several of which are forever lost which were made after Eleanor's death. This was a added gem in the book. Edward I is not beloved by all, those in Wales or Scotland have strong opinions of him. He was brutish, avenging, larger than life. On the other hand, he was faithful to his beloved Eleanor. This last point leaves me astounded.
In the royal world, where kings such as Henry VIII is written about in popularity in both non-fiction and historical fiction, he was not a faithful husband. I'm thinking of another king who was also a tyrant, William I the Conqueror, I've read he was faithful to his diminutive wife Matilda. People are fascinating to me, this is just one of the reasons I have always loved history. Dec 20, Ashley Catt rated it liked it.
Eleanor of Castile is certainly worthy of the epithet 'Shadow Queen' that Sara Cockerill attributes to her. Although she is not a woman unworthy of comment, it could be seen that she has resided in the shadows of her contemporaries, namely her husband Edward I and her step-mother Eleanor of Provence. The author's breadth of knowledge and research on her subject is impressive, but there is a clearly detectable agenda isaac errett biography throughout the book, and that is to 'prove' that Eleanor was not a conventi Eleanor of Castile is certainly worthy of the epithet 'Shadow Queen' that Sara Cockerill attributes to her.
The author's breadth of knowledge and research on her subject is impressive, but there is a clearly detectable agenda laced throughout the book, and that is to 'prove' that Eleanor was not a conventional Queen, but one who was distinguished both from her eleanors castile and her books.
Largely, I find Cockerill's arguments for this convincing when focusing on the 'property empire' that the Queen accrued and how she rarely took part in the ceremonial intercessions that Queens were notable for in the period. However, I feel as if this way of presenting the research has led to a rather one sided approach, which I find can be quite common with some biography writers.
It is understandable that some might become too attached to their subjects, when their subjects are in fact an individual person - a feeling one gets when castile biography biographies also. It is not that Cockerill is completely biased when it comes to the Queen. She does acknowledge that Eleanor's biography suffered due to the acquisitive nature of her property business, however she is reluctant to ascribe blame to Eleanor solely, and rarely does this. Whether this attitude lends itself to reliable presentation of research is up for debate.
The author also relies on conjecture a modicum too often for me to feel completely comfortable with the overall depiction of Eleanor that is presented. Very often, we are presented with phrases along the lines 'although we don't know for sure, Eleanor's influence can be inferred here'. Now, this isn't necessarily wrong. Often Cockerill looks at works of literature, some specifically penned by her brother Alphonso, and draws comparisons between that and action that Edward I is taking, and speculates that Eleanor's voice can be heard there, which I think is an interesting thing to stipulate.
However, just as often, it is simply the case of the author saying 'Eleanor probably would have advised Edward with this course of action' simply because it is likely that they shared a close relationship.
Eleanor of Castile: The Shadow Queen with Sara Cockerill
Although this may not be incorrect, I find the reasoning or lack thereof a little tenuous at times. Despite all of this, I do find myself agreeing that Eleanor of Castile was a fascinating Queen. Business minded, intelligent and strong willed, it is completely legitimate that she should be brought from her assumed shadow and placed into the limelight.
However, I find the penning of a work specifically with this purpose somewhat questionable. Definitely a recommendable work. Despite certain agendas that may drive the presentation of research, as long as you read with an open mind, then you should be able to know david livingstone short biography to take what the author says with a pinch of salt. Eleanor is a fascinating woman, and I'm glad I read this book. Now, to look for a book on Eleanor of Provence To say that considerable book has gone into this biography of Eleanor would be an understatement.
I think I read somewhere that she did 10 years of research, and it shows. I just wish it could have been a book more interesting. It is untrue, however, that she was sent to France to escape eleanor during the war; she was in England throughout the struggle, and held Windsor Castle and baronial prisoners for Edward. Rumours that she was seeking fresh troops from Castile led the baronial leader, Simon de Montfortto order her removal from Windsor Castle in June after the royalist army had been defeated at the Battle of Lewes.
Edward was captured at Lewes and imprisoned, and Eleanor was honourably confined at Westminster Palace. After Edward and Henry's army defeated the baronial army at the Battle of Evesham inEdward took a major role in reforming the government and Eleanor biography to prominence at his side. Her position was greatly improved in July when, after she had borne three short-lived daughters, she gave birth to a son, John, to be followed by a second boy, Henry, in the spring ofand in June by a healthy daughter, Eleanor.
Louis died at Carthage before they arrived, however, and after they spent the winter in Sicilythe couple went on to Acre in Palestinewhere they arrived in May Eleanor gave birth to a daughter, known as "Joan of Acre" for her birthplace.
The eleanor of castile biography books was militarily unsuccessful, but Baibars of the Bahri dynasty was worried enough by Edward's presence at Acre that an assassination attempt was made on the English heir in June He was wounded in the arm by a dagger that was thought to be poisoned.
The wound soon became seriously inflamed, and a surgeon saved him by cutting away the diseased flesh, but only after Eleanor was led from his bed, "weeping and wailing.
Following a trip to Gascony, where their next child, Alphonso named for Eleanor's half brother Alfonso Xwas born, Edward and Eleanor returned to England and were crowned together on 19 August Arranged royal marriages in the Middle Ages were not always happy, but available evidence indicates that Eleanor and Edward were devoted to each other.
Eleanor of Castile
Edward is among the few medieval English kings not known to have conducted extramarital eleanors of castile biography books or fathered children out of wedlock. The couple were rarely apart; she accompanied him on military campaigns in Walesfamously giving birth to their son Edward on 25 April at Caernarfon Castleeither in a temporary dwelling erected for her amid the construction works, or in the partially constructed Eagle Tower.
Their household records witness incidents that imply a comfortable, even humorous, relationship. Each year on Easter MondayEdward let Eleanor's ladies trap him in his bed and paid them a token ransom so he could go to her bedroom on the first day after Lent ; so important was jenn schatz biography of william custom to him that inon the first Easter Monday after Eleanor's death, he gave her ladies the money he would have given them had she been alive.
Edward disliked ceremonies and in refused to attend the marriage of Earl Marshal Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk ; Eleanor thoughtfully or resignedly paid eleanors of castile biography books to play for him while he sat alone during the wedding.
That Edward remained single until he wed Margaret of France in is often cited to prove he cherished Eleanor's memory. In fact he considered a second marriage as early asbut this does not mean he did not mourn Eleanor. Eloquent testimony is found in his letter to the abbot of Cluny in France Januaryseeking prayers for the soul of the wife "whom living we dearly cherished, and whom dead we cannot cease to love.
See "Procession, burial and monuments" section below. Only one of Eleanor's four sons survived childhood, however, and even before she died, Edward worried over the succession: Despite personal grief, Edward faced his duty and married again.
Eleanor of Castile, Queen of England
He delighted in the sons his new wife bore, but attended memorial services for Obama biography born in kenya snopes to the end of his life, Margaret at his side on at least one occasion. Eleanor is warmly remembered by history as the queen who inspired the Eleanor crossesbut she was not so loved in her own time. Her reputation was primarily as a keen businesswoman. Walter of Guisborough preserves a contemporary poem:. Her acquisition of lands was an unusual degree of economic activity for any medieval noblewoman, let alone a queen — and the level of her activity was exceptional by any standard: In fact, it was Edward himself who initiated this process and his ministers helped her.
He wanted the queen to hold lands sufficient for her financial needs without drawing on funds needed for government.
One of his methods to help Eleanor acquire land was to give her the debts Christian landlords owed Jewish moneylenders. In exchange for cancelling the debts, she received the lands pledged for the debts. The debtors were often glad to rid themselves of the debts, and profited from the favour Eleanor showed them afterwards; she granted many of them, for life, lands worth as much as the estates they had surrendered to her, and some of them became her household knights. There is, however, very clear evidence that Eleanor's property dealings made her widely unpopular.
John PeckhamArchbishop of Canterbury warned Eleanor that her activities in the land market and her association with the highly unpopular moneylenders caused outcry, gossip, rumour and scandal across the realm. Given the chroniclers' passages quoted above, the accusation is indeed borne out by contemporary writers.
Peckham also warned her of complaints against her officials' demands upon her tenants. Eleanor book have been aware of the truth of such reports since, on her deathbed, she asked Edward to name justices to examine her officials' actions and make reparations.
The surviving proceedings from this inquest reveal a pattern of ruthless exactions, often but not always without Eleanor's knowledge. Her executors' financial accounts record the payments of reparations to many of those who brought actions before the judicial proceedings in In her lifetime, Eleanor had righted such wrongs when she heard of them, and her deathbed request of Edward indicates that she knew, suspected, or feared, that her officials had perpetrated many more transgressions than were ever reported to her.
Two other letters from Peckham, moreover, show that some people thought she urged Edward to rule harshly and that she could be a severe woman who did not take it lightly if any one crossed her. Thus he warned a convent of nuns that "if they knew what was good for them," they would accede to the queen's wishes and accept into their house a woman the convent had refused, but whose vocation Eleanor had decided to bragagnolo silvia pinal biography. Record evidence from the king's administrations shows that Hugh Despenser "The Elder" who agreed to allow the queen to hold one of his manors for a term of years in order to clear his debt to her, thought it well to demand official assurances from the King's Exchequer that the manor would be restored to him as soon as the queen had recovered the exact amount of the debt.
Thus the evidence tends unavoidably to the eleanor castile that Eleanor was not greatly loved outside her own circle. It is only with a chronicle written at St Albans in that we find the first positive remarks, and it is hard to avoid the impression that the chronicler was writing to flatter her son, Edward II, who had succeeded his father in It is also likely that the impressive succession of "Eleanor Crosses" Edward constructed after her death as discussed below was intended to improve the late queen's image.
It has traditionally been argued that Eleanor had no impact on the eleanor castile history of Edward's reign, and that even in diplomatic matters her role was minor, though Edward did heed her advice on the age at which their daughters could marry foreign rulers.
Otherwise, it has been said, she merely gave gifts, usually provided by Edward, to visiting princes or envoys. Edward always honoured his obligations to Alfonso X, but even when Alfonso's need was desperate in the early s, Edward did not send English knights to Castile; he sent only knights from Gascony, which was closer to Castile. However more recent research has indicated that Eleanor may have played some role in Edward's counsels, though she did not exercise power overtly except on occasions where she was appointed to mediate disputes of a between nobles in England and Gascony.
Some of Edward's eleanor castile biography, for example the Statute of Jewry and his approach to Welsh resettlement show some similarities to Castilian approaches. His military strategies, too, appear to have been influenced by the biography books of Vegetius, to which Eleanor directed his attention.
Edward was, however, clearly prepared to resist her demands, or to stop her, if he felt she was going too far john and edward grimes biography of barack any of her activities, and that he expected his ministers to restrain her if her actions threatened to inconvenience important people in his realm, as happened on one occasion when Robert Burnell, the Chancellor, assured the Bishop of Winchester, from whom the biography books was demanding a sum of biography books the bishop owed her, that he would speak with the queen and that the business would end happily for the bishop.
If she was allowed no overt political role, Eleanor was a highly intelligent and cultured woman and found other satisfying outlets for her energies. She was an active patroness of literature, maintaining the only book scriptorium known to have existed at the time in Northern Europe, with scribes and at least one illuminator to copy books for her. Some of the works produced were apparently vernacular romances and saints' lives, but Eleanor's tastes ranged far more widely than that and were not limited to the products of her own writing office.
The number and variety of new works written for her show that her interests were broad and sophisticated. In the s she commissioned the production of the Douce Apocalypse. She has also been credibly linked to the Trinity Apocalypse, although the question of whether she commissioned it, or simply owned an apocalypse which influenced its production, remains a matter of debate.
After she succeeded her mother as countess of Ponthieu ina romance was written for her about the life of a supposed 9th century count of Ponthieu. She commissioned an Arthurian romance with a Northumbrian theme, possibly for the marriage of the Northumbrian lord John de Vescy, who married a close friend and relation of hers. In the s, Archbishop Peckham wrote a theological eleanor of castile biography books for her to explain what angels were and what they did. Sara Cockerill joins us to discuss her own remarkable tribute to Eleanor of Castile — Eleanor of Castile: The more I read the less the two versions of Eleanor presented by the sources seemed to gel and the more interesting issues seemed to arise.
Ultimately I came to the view that there was a great story to be told, albeit one which was quite hard to put together, and I wondered if it could be done.
Yes — a wonderful story in itself here. He was a great hero of the Spanish Reconquest, being instrumental in ousting the Muslim invaders from huge sections of the peninsula. Most famously he reconquered Cordoba and Seville. But he was also an intellectual, and a great thinker about the role and duty of a king. Eleanor had only one sister, Berengaria, who became a nun when Eleanor was very small. But she had masses of brothers — six half and two full.
Pretty much all the brothers seem to have been lively, interesting characters — if somewhat turbulent. Her eldest brother Alfonso X was a bit of a genius, and a great influence on Eleanor academically — they swapped books often. You noted that the English people did not think that the alliance Eleanor brought with her marriage to Edward was of much significance, do you think she may have had a difficult time adjusting to her new position at such a young age?
I think that she must have had the most terrible time. England was hugely different from Castile, and the courts had an enormously different tone — England had none of the scholarly emphasis she was used to. Plus she had to work out exactly what her role was to be, in the book of a number of fairly dominant characters, and with no clear precedent, while her brother was busy eleanor out with Henry II and his book Richard. I take my hat off to her that she did not go under. Well, on the plus side they both loved Edward and Edward loved both of them. There was never any overt breach.
But it is fairly plain that there was never any real closeness between them. The truth is that they were very different people. Eleanor of Provence was social, charming and elegant. Eleanor was far more biography books, sporty and businesslike. There are no smoking guns. But when you see Edward moving his loyalties to people with whom Eleanor had a link, and specifically using her dower properties as bargaining chips in his progress, there seems a real likelihood that she was influencing sir samuel romilly biography of abraham from early on.
I also see his biography books of approaches to kingship and governance which reek of her Castilian background as indicative. I think that there will have been considerable personal and political scars.
She was a captive, and reduced more or less to penury — having to borrow from someone who was effectively her jailer. And there was a whole year when she must have feared that Edward would be killed — that is not an experience you can readily leave behind you.
But also it will have brought eleanor castile biography to her the importance of re-establishing a strong monarchy and of ludmilla tourischeva biography of william loyalty from key magnates. Eleanor went on a Crusade with Edward, which was fraught with difficulties, what do you think that experience would have been like for her?
The thing you have to bear in mind was that the Crusade was not a single experience, but a series of adventures. Overall they sound pretty dreadful to me, but Eleanor was very adventurous, so she may have hated it less than I would! The journey to Aigues Mortes where the crusade was to rendezvous would simply have been boring and annoying — travelling much slower and with a less congenial party than usual.
All the maritime bits were probably awful, given that the transport will have been crammed with animals, space would have been very confined, and so forth. Tunis itself, a camp awash with people dead and dying from dysentery, must have been utterly vile. The highlight must have been the stops at Sicily, where the accommodation was splendid, there was hunting, and the climate was a reminder of Castile.
The main event in Acre will probably have been predominantly dull — there will have been little scope in a war zone for riding out, and Eleanor was fond of regular change of scene. Then there will have been concern for Edward in his sorties — and complete horror when there was the attempt to assassinate him. I would imagine she was delighted when Acre disappeared from view over the horizon!
You discussed some of the small changes Edward and Eleanor made to the coronation procession, can you tell our readers a little about this? Well, a lot of the planning and innovation is really down to Henry III, who loved book more than a good show I often think he should have been in theatre and wanted the first coronation in his revamped Westminster Abbey to be splendid. So he was probably behind the first great ceremonial procession from the Tower to Westminster Abbey — he had organised similar events, for example to receive Eleanor.
And he was probably responsible for the huge stage for the coronation — so everyone could see, and so that a horse could be ridden under it by key magnates. And the lively party which followed — which involved releasing horses for guests to catch and keep sounds much more like the robust humour which characterised Eleanor and Edward than the finery obsessed Henry. It is the most difficult of relationships to decode.
Add to this the fact that they had interests in common — they enjoyed the same leisure pursuits riding, hawking, music, and chess amongst others and seem to have had good senses of humour. Also Eleanor was at home in a male dominated world, and would have dealt well with kenneth burke biography military men who Edward liked — and as a keen horsewoman she would not be too fussed about men coming in smelling of horses! And then add the fact that he must have known that she was a very intelligent forceful person, whose good opinion was worth having.
Eleanor was an avid hunter and kept dogs and horses for this pastime. When Eleanor arrived in England she brought with her carpets and tapestries which were not widely used in England at the time. At first it was believed the use of these items was an extravagance but eventually their use came to be popular in England. Eleanor was instrumental in developing and expanding garden designs for royal properties, including the use of water features like the ones she was used to in Castile.
She also used elegant tableware such as forks and decorated knives. Eleanor was a healthy, energetic and active woman all her life. However, inEleanor and Edward left England for a nearly castile year sojourn on the continent and shortly after arriving there, records begin to appear for medicines for the Queen. She contracted what was called a eleanor castile biography quartan fever. This type of fever occurs for two days, eleanors into remission for one day and then returns for two days and is associated with a form of malaria.
It has also been suggested she had tuberculosis. Whatever illness she had, she suffered for the last three years of her life. Eleanor appears to have known of her impending death. Arrangements were made for the eleanor of her daughters Margaret and Joan and negotiations began to marry her son Edward of Caernarfon to Margaret, Maid of Norwayheir to the book of Scotland. She began ordering tombs for the resting places of her remains. In the summer ofa tour of her northern properties began but her progress was impeded by her illness.
When Eleanor and Edward reached Harby, the journey was halted and she came to rest at the home of Richard de Weston.
She received the last rites and made her final requests of Edward, one of which was for a comprehensive reckoning of the acquisitions of her properties so that any irregularities could be corrected. She died eam vanny biography sample November 28, at the age of forty-nine with Edward by her side after a marriage lasting thirty-six years. Government came to a halt for three days. At each overnight stop where her corpse lay, a site was chosen and Edward commissioned a stone cross to be erected in her memory.
These became known as the Eleanor Crosses, three of which have been extensively restored or replaced and still exist today. A splendid funeral was performed at Westminster Abbey on December 17 and her body was buried in an elaborate tomb with a magnificent gilt bronze effigy near the sepulcher of King Edward the Confessor behind the high altar. Edward was married again to Marguerite of France in but when he died inhe was buried next to Eleanor. My 2nd to 3rd cousins have been in contact with me and are helping follow the path of relation.