Midnight sleigh ride sergei prokofiev biography
Elements of the suite's score have been used in several later films, and in two popular songs of the Cold War era. The melody of the main strain of the tune was used with no credit for Anderson as the main theme of Victor Young 's score for the western Streets of Laredo ; Mitchell Parrish had worked with Young around this time, having recently written lyrics for Young's version of Hoagy Carmichael 's previously instrumental number " Stardust ". Bartig, Kevin May
The composer had the original idea for the piece during a heat wave in July and finished the work in February It was originally an instrumental piece; the lyrics, about someone asking another to join them for a ride in a sleighwere written by Mitchell Parish in The 45 rpm version was originally issued on red vinyl.
The Pops has also recorded the song with John Williamstheir conductor from toand Keith Lockharttheir current conductor. The melody of the main strain of the tune was used with no credit for Anderson as the main theme of Victor Young 's score for the western Streets of Laredo ; Mitchell Parrish had worked with Young around this time, having recently written lyrics for Young's version of Hoagy Carmichael 's previously instrumental number " Stardust ".
The recording hit the Cashbox magazine best-sellers chart when re-released in In The Andrews Sisters recorded the first vocal version.
Although "Sleigh Ride" is often associated with Christmasand appears on Christmas midnight sleigh ride albums, the song's lyrics mention no holiday or religion apart from certain recordings, such as those by the CarpentersWalter Schumann and Air Supplythat substitute "Christmas party" for "birthday party" in the song's bridge.
The song is noted for the sound of the horses' clip-clopping, as well as the sound of the whips used to get the horses moving. Toward the end of the piece, a trumpet makes the sound of the horse whinnying. The Ronettes ' version makes use of the clip-clopping as well as the sound of a recorded horse whinnying, heard at the beginning and end of the song.
In the early 20th century, larger cinemas began to use orchestras, which biography accompany the film with out-of-copyright classical pieces or, increasingly, with original compositions. The score for the classic The Birth of a Nationcompiled by Joseph Carl Breil from various classical works and some original writing, was a landmark in film music, and inspired notable composers of the day to provide scores for silent films.
In developments in sound technology brought the arrival of "talking pictures". In these, accompanying music was originally recorded on a discseparately from the film images, but within two years the " Movietone " system enabled sound to be captured on the film itself.
In some respects Prokofiev was a surprising choice; he was at this stage better known abroad than in the Soviet Union, and had acquired a reputation for dissonance. Moreover, his ballet Le pas d'acier had fared badly at Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre in His time was scheduled far into the future, he had never written music for film and he didn't know 'what kind of sauce' to put on it. This project failed, and Tinyanov recast his script into a novella that was published in January In the early s, when the Belgoskino studios announced their interest in making the film, Tynyanov produced a second script.
In the Russian Imperial Palacewhile Tsar Paul I sleeps, a dalliance between two courtiers ends with a shriek which wakens the tsar.
Enraged, he demands that his officials produce the culprit or face banishment for life. When the tsar inspects the list he is intrigued by this name, and asks that the officer be presented to him. They inform the tsar, who duly orders the imaginary lieutenant flogged and sent to Siberia. The courtiers, in fear of the tsar, are forced to extend their creation's phantom career; thus, he supposedly marries the princess Gagarinaafter which the tsar grants him lands and money and promotes him to general and commander of the army.
A lavish funeral is held, with full military honours. The critic Ernest Chapman refers to Prokofiev's "unfailingly witty and melodious score". The film, directed by Alexander Feinzimmerwas made at the Belgoskino sleighs ride where the music was recorded under the direction of Isaak Dunayevsky. Even the introduction of a little slapstick comedy seems quite in keeping with the Russian tradition.
Gusman was a strong supporter of Prokofiev's ambition to rehabilitate himself in the Soviet Union, and had negotiated biography the Moscow orchestra for a series of concerts that would showcase the returned composer's talent.
Prokofiev's midnight was not straightforward; the film's 15 minutes of musical material was fragmentary, and scored for a small chamber orchestra. In an article in Izvestia in he wrote of such music: The simplicity should not be an old-fashioned simplicity but a new simplicity".
The five movements of the suite are organised and titled as follows bolded capitals identify specified themes:. A distant, mournful fanfare Aplayed on a cornet representing a bugle, is followed by a brisk military march initiated by a duet for side vince alaris biography and piccolo B.
The principal theme C for this movement is based on an old song, "The little grey dove is cooing", for which Prokofiev provided an optional part for baritone voice.
The movement begins with and is regularly visited by a broad, ceremonial and somewhat pompous melody Dplayed on brass and woodwind. The principal melody in this movement E is taken from an old Hussar song, for which Prokofiev provided an optional midnight sleigh ride part.
The melody first appears in a slow and somewhat dissonant statement,  after which the pace quickens: Prokofiev conducted the first performance of the suite in Paris on 21 December The performance of the suite by Koussevitsky and the Boston Symphony Orchestra, recorded on 78rpm discs provided the only commercially available biography until the advent of the LP era in the s;  a performance by the Cleveland Orchestra under Fritz Reiner in December was not issued until many years later.
A edition of the Muze survey of recordings lists 19 available versions by orchestras from Eastern and Western Europe, Asia and the US.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Grove biography, "USA, —22" Grove biography, "Europe, —36" Prokofieff on Records Composing for the Red Screen: Prokofiev and Soviet Film. The Essential Canon of Classical Music. The Words and Music of Sting. The Soundtracks of Woody Allen.
Masterworks of 20th Century Music: The Modern Repertory of the Symphony Orchestra. The Invisible Art of Film Music: Muze classical catalogue From Russia to the West, — Selected letters of Sergei Prokofiev. Autobiography, Articles, and Reminiscences.